Fruit Varieties in the Orchard

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Apples

Apples

Bramley’s Seedling,
Murray Gem,
Brabant, Bellefleur,
Golden
Noble,
King Cole,
Cornish Aromatic,
Chandler,
Golden Harvey,
Cranberry Pippin,
Atlanta,
Devonshire Quarrenden,
Pine Golden Pippin,
Barry,
Egremont, Russett,
Pink Lady,
Kingston
Black,
Frequin Rouge,
Dabinett,
Sweet Coppin,
Braeburn


Peaches and Nectarines

Peaches & Nectarines

Variety Bloom Fruit Flower Group Vigor Description
Springgold Y A dessert cultivar
Elberta Y The Elberta Peach tree is the best-known yellow canning peach. It is a freestone peach variety and has very large fruit. The skin is red blushed over a deep golden yellow colour. This variety has a wonderfully sweet flavour, one of the sweetest peaches you will ever eat. Ideal for eating, juice, drying, stewing and canning. A mid to late season variety. Trees grow to approximately 4 x 4 metres.
Albatross Very Early Red colour medium fruit. Clingstone
Late Crawford Y
Golden Queen 13 Mar – 22Mar Well known heritage variety of clingstone from New Zealand. Medium sized fruit, deep orange skin and firm deep orange flesh. Sweet, excellent for bottling.
Horrie Read (No Label)
Saunders Early
Arch Morrison
Red Noonan 7 Jan – 5 Feb
Smith’s Seedling 2-16 Jan
O’Henry 15 Mar -15 Apr Prunus persica ‘O’Henry’ is a very popular old-fashioned free-stone peach with red skin and yellow flesh. It is incredibly tasty and juicy and is similar to the yellow-skinned variety ‘Million Dollar’, now known as ‘JH Hale’. The main difference between them is that ‘JH Hale’ needs a pollinator, while all other peaches and nectarines are self-fertile. Large, red blush over dark yellow ground colour. Tough skin, rich yellow flesh. Very sweet, aromatic. Freestone. Lends itself to poaching and other rich peach desserts.
Comsatel 42396 Yellow skin with yellow flesh. Very succulent, firm though fine. December
Taylor Queen YC Yellow-fleshed peach, clingstone, very similar to Golden Queen, but tends to be slightly smaller fruit. Very sweet, excellent for bottling. A late variety of “Golden Queen” (SNR)
Early Glow (No Label)
Flordared 20 Dec – 6 Jan Low chill varieties
Sutherland Last week of Jan Large sized fruit & excellent bearer. (SRN) Yellow
Bucks Beauty
Monroe 31 Jan – 16 Feb Reported by many to have the best flavor of all peach varieties. Ripens in this area about August 15th. Large size, yellow flesh, freestone. 850 Hours.
Briggs Red May 42720 Old variety, freestone, rich yellow flesh, sweet and juicy. One of the best early peach varieties.
Halehaven 13-19 Jan Hale Haven J. H. Hale X South Haven. Most desirable yellow freestone. Noted for its high-yielding qualities. Fruit trees need a minimum of 6-8 hours sunlight daily, and need water. They are not drought tolerant. (Self-pollinating) (zones 5-8)
Pullar Cling very late Large clingstone fruits, yellow flesh with red in the centre close to the stone, lovely flavour and very good fruits for bottling, and fresh eating, harvests very late
Le Vanquer 7 Dec – 31 Dec
Flavorcrest 25 Dec – 3 Feb Medium to large, reddish skin over yellow background. Yellow-fleshed peach, not very hairy. Freestone, good flavour, quite sweet. Prone to splitstone under drought conditions.
Harry Smith 6 – 8 Jan
Teds Red
Flavortop (Nec) 16 to 28 Jan Early yellow flesh nectarine. Red skin with tendency to russet. Sweet, good flavour, freestone. Picking Dates: 16 to 28 Jan
Sunray Y
Leila Morrison
Croydon Anzac 14 Dec –14 Jan fashioned white flesh peach, very juicy with good flavour. – see Richard
Millicent
Brousard (No Label) W
Red Smith
Beale 6-15 Jan A dessert cultivar
Maygrand (Nec) Early – Xmas 17 Dec – 6 Jan A large yellow-fleshed freestone nectarine. ‘May Grand’ is noted for its early maturity and excellent flavour. The skin colour is red over a yellow background. Matures early, usually before Christmas. Used for fresh fruit, drying and cooking
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Peach Rootstock
Peach Rootstock No label
X
Peach Rootstock
Canada ??(High Early Canada) it is probably “HIGH EARLY CANADA”1st class peach with a red skin, crops well (SRN)
Sweet Seventeen
Empty
Peach Rootstock
Unknown
Unknown
Summerset 4-Mar – 23 Mar Large with red blush over yellow green, firm texture, a good late variety (SRN)
Fragar 22 Jan – 17 Feb Heritage white flesh peach, pink to red skin over a greeny cream background. Flesh is softer and coarser than Tasty Zee, but with more complex flavour.
Flamecrest 1st week in Feb Large with firm flesh, skin bright red, approx 1st week in February. (SRN)
X
Red Globe 2 – 26 Jan A beautiful peach, the Red Globe is very large, freestone, firm and is mostly red blushed. Its flavor is wonderfully sweet and excellent for fresh eating, ice cream, canning, freezing and cooking. Crops are consistent on this high chill tree. Ripens early–mid August. Zones 5-8. (800 c.h.)
Wiggins
Red Millicent
Empty 4 Dec – 29 Dec A dessert cultivar
Sunnyside (No Label) 20-Dec –16 Jan Eats well and good looking fruit
Loring (Unknown on Label) Very large yellow freestone, firm yellow flesh and a scarlet blush covering half of its golden yellow skin. A favourite peach in colder regions, excellent flavour and texture, reliable cropper, also suitable for drying
Bendigo Beauty 8 – 20 Jan Ripening in the first week of the year, fruit cream and red skinned, white juicy flesh, very good cropper, precocious (potentially a decent crop in the second year, with the proper cultural conditions), fruit gradually ripens over a number of weeks, not coming all at once.
Blackburn Elberta 7 Jan – 5 Feb This peach is the pollinator for J.H.Hale’s Million Dollar Peach – which is about the only peach that really needs a pollinator, larger and earlier than Elberta, flavour excellent, good grower and heavy bearer
JH Hale 14 Jan – 10 Feb J.H. Hale is an old-time heirloom variety. J.H. Hale Orchards began in Glastonbury, Connecticut in 1866, when John Howard Hale and his brother, George, cultivated their grandfather’s seven peach trees. A very large, round peach with yellow skin and red overlay and very little fuzz. Yellow flesh with a firm texture. A freestone peach. It has a wonderfully sweet taste and aroma, and is an excellent peach for eating and canning. Matures mid to late February making it a late season variety. JH Hale is not fully self fertile – it benefits from cross pollination by an Elberta peach. Trees grow approximately 4 x 4 metres.

Apricots

Apricots

Variety Bloom Fruit Flower Group Vigor Description
Roxburgh Red NZ – The famous Roxburgh red apricot tree was first planted in 1866 by a man named Joseph Tamblyn who bought a few trees from a passing swagman.
Wenatchee Large size light yellow fruit, is this another name for Moorpark? Chill 700 hrs. 1908 (And see Moorpark and Wentachee Moorpark)
Divinity Very early – Early to Mid Dec Prunus armeniaca (South Australia, late 1950’s) rated 8/10 stars Fruit: medium sized round to slightly oblong fruit. Skin is an apricot colour with a partial red blush, flesh is deep apricot. Flavour: Sweet with a slightly acidic skin; soft when ripe. Nice Uses: Fresh fruit, drying, jam, stewing & preserving.
Tunisia ?n & number
Dead
Harcot Early An early apricot with an attractive red blush. It has good fruit quality for roadsides markets and direct fruit sales, but unsuitable for shipping or processing. Harcot may have a sweet kernel
Unknown
Moorpark Maturity: Late January. (Mid to late season). Prunus armeniaca (UK, 1668) Fruit: Medium to large rounded-oval fruit. Skin and flesh are orange. Flavour: Rich. Considered the best apricot for flavour. Juicy and soft. Cropping: Good, fairly regular. Tends to ripen from the stone out, making maturity a little difficult to judge. Uses: Excellent for fresh fruit, jam, drying, stewing and juice. (And see Wentachee and Wentachee Moorpark)
Moorpark
Skaha (No Label) Large, firm, bright orange when mature. Fruit has red blush, attractive. Moderately frost tender.
Blenheim Mid season Self-fertile… no need for a pollinator The world’s most popular apricot tree. Produces fruit quickly. Apricots produced by the ‘Blenheim’ are considered to be the most succulent and flavorful… the ‘Blenheim’ also blooms earlier than any other apricot tree. Its rounded form and bright green foliage make this tree a refreshing showpiece for your yard. Start picking dozens of fresh, delicious apricots in early summer. Luscious, deep yellow and orange fruits brighten an already beautiful tree.
Sunglo (No W)
Empty
Canadian SE 55-9
Saha
Harogem Mid Season This cultivar ripens mid-season, a few days after Veecot, but is not as winter-hardy. The fruit have a bright glossy finish with a dark red shoulder. An attractive cultivar for the fresh market, it colours early and must be picked carefully for proper maturity. Bacterial spot has been a problem in some seasons but overall a good cultivar.
Piet Cille No Label December
Moorpark
No Label ? Moorpark
Blenheim
Hargem
Sunglow

Japanese Plums

Variety Bloom Fruit Flower Group Vigor Description
Talford
Satsuma Mid season. ‘Santa Rosa’ and ‘Beauty’ ‘blood plum’. A very large fruit with solid deep red skin and firm flesh. The small pit is semi freestone. Satsuma is juicy, and it has a particularly good flavor. The tree is an upright grower.
Satsuma
Unknown
Methley
Santa Rosa Early to mid January. (Mid season). Partly self fertile. Duffy’s Early Jewel’ ‘Alpha’, ‘Mariposa’ is a less effective pollenizer. Narrabeen, Salad, Donsworth. Appears to be a universal pollen donor (Complex hybrid of P. salicina, P. simonii, and P. americana) Early season. S.R. is a medium large, crimson to purplish red, lightly freckled plum with yellow flesh slightly suffused with pink especially near the pit. The fruit is firm, sweet, juicy, and aromatic, except near the pit, where it is quite acid. The tree is widely adapted. Although noted by Hopping & Jerram 1979 as self infertile, it is generally regarded as at least partly self fertile (sets some fruit without a pollenizer, but sets a lot more with one). The tree is hardy, upright and vigorous, and highly productive. Its only fault is that it sometimes drops fruit before they are completely ripe. S.R. is a very important commercial cultivar and readily available in the supermarket. Nevertheless, it is a very good choice for the home garden. Fruit: Medium sized, round fruit with bright red, fairly thick skin darkening to a purplish crimson at maturity. Flesh is yellow with a tinge of pink under the skin. Flavour: Somewhat sweet, slightly tart near skin and some bitterness near the stone. Stone: Clingstone. Cropping: Good bearing once tree has matured, susceptible to pre harvest drop in windy conditions. Habit: Large, vigorous and upright.. Uses: Fresh fruit, jam and stewing.
Burmosa small productive tree. The fruit is yellow, with red blush, freestone, and good in quality. It may be biennial.
Burmosa small productive tree. The fruit is yellow, with red blush, freestone, and good in quality. It may be biennial.
Unknown J Plum
Homeside
Purple King Mid-late season. ‘Sultan’, ‘Doris’, ‘Duffy’s Early Jewel’. ‘Elephant Heart’ may also pollenize ‘Hale” x ‘Doris’) This large fruit has purplish red skin covered with a heavy bloom, and excellent flavored, yellow flesh (tinged wine red near the stone). P.K. is a very vigorous tree. It is well suited to warmer, more humid areas, as it has some resistance to bacterial diseases.
Tegan Blue
Shiro Early Bland, but juicy. Best of the yellow plums, heavy bearer, heat tolerant, clingstone
Methley
Archibald
Laroda Santa Rosa or Red Rosa plums Delicious! Large sized, rounded plum with a deep reddish-purple skin; sweet, juicy light amber-red colored flesh. This variety was developed in California. requires a minimum of 400 chill hours Mature height: 0-20 ft in full sun
Golden Satsuma
Unknown J Plum
Empty
Fortune Early season. Santa-Rosa Breeding is Laroda x [Queen Anne x Late Santa Rosa], introduced 1988. Medium to large fruit with bright red and yellow skin, and yellow very firm flesh suffused with pink. Flavour is perfumed, sweetness is moderate to good. It is semi-freestone. The tree is adaptable, vigorous and upright.
Browns Blood
Empty
Shiro
Narrabeen (Early) Sweet and juicy.
Fortune 30
Laroda
Bella Rosa
Santa Rosa Dwarf version of the classic Japanese yellow fleshed cherry type plum, tree grows to only 2 metres at maturity, self fertile, but also pollinates with Mariposa.
Unknown
Unknown J Plum
Golden Satsuma
Elephant Heart
Red Heart

European Plums

Plums

Variety Bloom Fruit Flower Group Description Image
Kirk’s Blue
Lombardy
Unknown E Plum
Pacific Prune
Robustus
Tulea Dulce
Stanley Prune No Label Late season. self-fertile The large purplish-blue freestone fruit have greenish-yellow flesh which is juicy and sweet, but somewhat insipid. The tree is large and spreading, and starts into fruiting young. It crops heavily. Stanley is very susceptible to brown rot, so it will need to be sprayed with fungicide in wet areas. Fruit are also susceptible to splitting after rain.
Victoria No Label Larger plum from England, and that country’s most popular and most well known cooker. Still sought after by many today, stews well, bottles well, sets a heavy crop. A chance seedling found in a garden at Alderton Sussex. Introduced by Denyer of Brixton, London in 1840.
Chalco (no label) Tree a tremendous grower and unsurpassed in productiveness, hardy. Is large, fiat, deep reddish-purple; flesh yellow, very sweet, rather firm, exceedingly fragrant, seed small. Like the Apricot Plum the fruit is almost stemless and completely surrounds the older branches. A superior shipping sort.
Prune D’Argen (No Label) Late season. A small, red skinned, clingstone prune plum.
Ruth Gerstetter
Yellow Egg Pershore (No Label)
Cambridge Early (No Label) Shy cropper, utterly delectable flavour? sweet, round gages?
Jefferson Yellow Early mid season fairly large yellow gage, with juicy flesh and a good rich gage-like flavour.
Old Tree # 9
Lombardy
Robusta No Label
Bulgarian Prune
Early Laxton
Elephant Heart No Label
Robe De Sergeant No Label ‘Green Gage’, ‘Damson’ ‘Coe’s Golden Drop’. A medium sized European plum. Oval in shape with a dark blue-purple skin and yellow flesh. Very sweet flavour. Used for drying, fresh fruit and jam.
Ontario
Bella Rosa
Unknown E Plum
Unknown E Plum
Grand Duke Mid late season. Heavy cropper. Tree too big for small gardens.
Green Gage – Original
Unknown E Plum
Cacak
Fellenburg
King Billy Heavy bearer. Mediocre flavour.
Cacak’s the Best
Early Laxton The earliest of all plums Part Self Fertile Bred by Laxton’s of Bedford, it was first appeared in 1916 and was immediately awarded a Royal Horticultural Society Award of Merit. Cooker and eater but best for cooking. Medium-sized fruit, tinged with pink. Sweet and juicy.
Calco
Becky Smith
Cacak Beauty Mid season ? CACAK BEST Large blue-black prune plum.
Bulgarian Prune
Angelina February Pollinate with: King Billy, D’Agen, Coe’s Golden Drop or Greengage. Angelina plum is a mid season ripening plum that seems to appeal to nearly everyone, frosted white blush on purple skin, rich yellow flesh, prized for eating fresh, also for liqueur making due to its high sugar content.