Fruit Varieties in the Orchard

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Apples

Apples

Bramley’s Seedling,
Murray Gem,
Brabant, Bellefleur,
Golden
Noble,
King Cole,
Cornish Aromatic,
Chandler,
Golden Harvey,
Cranberry Pippin,
Atlanta,
Devonshire Quarrenden,
Pine Golden Pippin,
Barry,
Egremont, Russett,
Pink Lady,
Kingston
Black,
Frequin Rouge,
Dabinett,
Sweet Coppin,
Braeburn


Peaches and Nectarines

Peaches & Nectarines

Variety Bloom Fruit Flower Group Vigor Orchard Position Description
Springgold Y R1 A dessert cultivar
Elberta Y R10 The Elberta Peach tree is the best-known yellow canning peach. It is a freestone peach variety and has very large fruit. The skin is red blushed over a deep golden yellow colour. This variety has a wonderfully sweet flavour, one of the sweetest peaches you will ever eat. Ideal for eating, juice, drying, stewing and canning. A mid to late season variety. Trees grow to approximately 4 x 4 metres.
Albatross Very Early R11 Red colour medium fruit. Clingstone
Late Crawford Y R12
Golden Queen 13 Mar – 22Mar R13 Well known heritage variety of clingstone from New Zealand. Medium sized fruit, deep orange skin and firm deep orange flesh. Sweet, excellent for bottling.
Horrie Read (No Label) R14
Saunders Early R15
Arch Morrison R16
Red Noonan 7 Jan – 5 Feb R17
Smith’s Seedling 2-16 Jan R18
O’Henry 15 Mar -15 Apr R19 Prunus persica ‘O’Henry’ is a very popular old-fashioned free-stone peach with red skin and yellow flesh. It is incredibly tasty and juicy and is similar to the yellow-skinned variety ‘Million Dollar’, now known as ‘JH Hale’. The main difference between them is that ‘JH Hale’ needs a pollinator, while all other peaches and nectarines are self-fertile. Large, red blush over dark yellow ground colour. Tough skin, rich yellow flesh. Very sweet, aromatic. Freestone. Lends itself to poaching and other rich peach desserts.
Comsatel 42396 R2 Yellow skin with yellow flesh. Very succulent, firm though fine. December
Taylor Queen YC R20 Yellow-fleshed peach, clingstone, very similar to Golden Queen, but tends to be slightly smaller fruit. Very sweet, excellent for bottling. A late variety of “Golden Queen” (SNR)
Early Glow (No Label) R21
Flordared 20 Dec – 6 Jan R22 Low chill varieties
Sutherland Last week of Jan R23 Large sized fruit & excellent bearer. (SRN) Yellow
Bucks Beauty R24
Monroe 31 Jan – 16 Feb R25 Reported by many to have the best flavor of all peach varieties. Ripens in this area about August 15th. Large size, yellow flesh, freestone. 850 Hours.
Briggs Red May 42720 R26 Old variety, freestone, rich yellow flesh, sweet and juicy. One of the best early peach varieties.
Halehaven 13-19 Jan R27 Hale Haven J. H. Hale X South Haven. Most desirable yellow freestone. Noted for its high-yielding qualities. Fruit trees need a minimum of 6-8 hours sunlight daily, and need water. They are not drought tolerant. (Self-pollinating) (zones 5-8)
Pullar Cling very late R28 Large clingstone fruits, yellow flesh with red in the centre close to the stone, lovely flavour and very good fruits for bottling, and fresh eating, harvests very late
Le Vanquer 7 Dec – 31 Dec R29
Flavorcrest 25 Dec – 3 Feb R3 Medium to large, reddish skin over yellow background. Yellow-fleshed peach, not very hairy. Freestone, good flavour, quite sweet. Prone to splitstone under drought conditions.
Harry Smith 6 – 8 Jan R30
Teds Red R31
Flavortop (Nec) 16 to 28 Jan R32 Early yellow flesh nectarine. Red skin with tendency to russet. Sweet, good flavour, freestone. Picking Dates: 16 to 28 Jan
Sunray Y R33
Leila Morrison R34
Croydon Anzac 14 Dec –14 Jan R4 fashioned white flesh peach, very juicy with good flavour. – see Richard
Millicent R5
Brousard (No Label) W R6
Red Smith R7
Beale 6-15 Jan R8 A dessert cultivar
Maygrand (Nec) Early – Xmas 17 Dec – 6 Jan R9 A large yellow-fleshed freestone nectarine. ‘May Grand’ is noted for its early maturity and excellent flavour. The skin colour is red over a yellow background. Matures early, usually before Christmas. Used for fresh fruit, drying and cooking
X S1
X S10
X S11
X S12
X S13
X S14
X S15
X S16
X S17
Peach Rootstock S18
Peach Rootstock No label S19
X S2
Peach Rootstock S20
Canada ??(High Early Canada) S21 it is probably “HIGH EARLY CANADA”1st class peach with a red skin, crops well (SRN)
Sweet Seventeen S22
Empty S23
Peach Rootstock S24
Unknown S25
Unknown S26
Summerset 4-Mar – 23 Mar S27 Large with red blush over yellow green, firm texture, a good late variety (SRN)
Fragar 22 Jan – 17 Feb S28 Heritage white flesh peach, pink to red skin over a greeny cream background. Flesh is softer and coarser than Tasty Zee, but with more complex flavour.
Flamecrest 1st week in Feb S29 Large with firm flesh, skin bright red, approx 1st week in February. (SRN)
X S3
Red Globe 2 – 26 Jan S30 A beautiful peach, the Red Globe is very large, freestone, firm and is mostly red blushed. Its flavor is wonderfully sweet and excellent for fresh eating, ice cream, canning, freezing and cooking. Crops are consistent on this high chill tree. Ripens early–mid August. Zones 5-8. (800 c.h.)
Wiggins S31
Red Millicent S32
Empty 4 Dec – 29 Dec S33 A dessert cultivar
Sunnyside (No Label) 20-Dec –16 Jan S34 Eats well and good looking fruit
Loring (Unknown on Label) S35 Very large yellow freestone, firm yellow flesh and a scarlet blush covering half of its golden yellow skin. A favourite peach in colder regions, excellent flavour and texture, reliable cropper, also suitable for drying
Bendigo Beauty 8 – 20 Jan S36 Ripening in the first week of the year, fruit cream and red skinned, white juicy flesh, very good cropper, precocious (potentially a decent crop in the second year, with the proper cultural conditions), fruit gradually ripens over a number of weeks, not coming all at once.
Blackburn Elberta 7 Jan – 5 Feb S37 This peach is the pollinator for J.H.Hale’s Million Dollar Peach – which is about the only peach that really needs a pollinator, larger and earlier than Elberta, flavour excellent, good grower and heavy bearer
Empty 14 Jan – 10 Feb S38 J.H. Hale is an old-time heirloom variety. J.H. Hale Orchards began in Glastonbury, Connecticut in 1866, when John Howard Hale and his brother, George, cultivated their grandfather’s seven peach trees. A very large, round peach with yellow skin and red overlay and very little fuzz. Yellow flesh with a firm texture. A freestone peach. It has a wonderfully sweet taste and aroma, and is an excellent peach for eating and canning. Matures mid to late February making it a late season variety. JH Hale is not fully self fertile – it benefits from cross pollination by an Elberta peach. Trees grow approximately 4 x 4 metres.
X S4
X S5
X S6
X S7
X S8
X S9

Apricots

Apricots

Variety Bloom Fruit Flower Group Vigor Orchard Position Description
Roxburgh Red Q 1 NZ – The famous Roxburgh red apricot tree was first planted in 1866 by a man named Joseph Tamblyn who bought a few trees from a passing swagman.
Wenatchee Q 11 Large size light yellow fruit, is this another name for Moorpark? Chill 700 hrs. 1908 (And see Moorpark and Wentachee Moorpark)
Divinity Very early – Early to Mid Dec Q 14 Prunus armeniaca (South Australia, late 1950’s) rated 8/10 stars Fruit: medium sized round to slightly oblong fruit. Skin is an apricot colour with a partial red blush, flesh is deep apricot. Flavour: Sweet with a slightly acidic skin; soft when ripe. Nice Uses: Fresh fruit, drying, jam, stewing & preserving.
Tunisia ?n & number Q 17
Dead Q 18
Harcot Early Q 19 An early apricot with an attractive red blush. It has good fruit quality for roadsides markets and direct fruit sales, but unsuitable for shipping or processing. Harcot may have a sweet kernel
Unknown Q10
Moorpark Maturity: Late January. (Mid to late season). Q12 Prunus armeniaca (UK, 1668) Fruit: Medium to large rounded-oval fruit. Skin and flesh are orange. Flavour: Rich. Considered the best apricot for flavour. Juicy and soft. Cropping: Good, fairly regular. Tends to ripen from the stone out, making maturity a little difficult to judge. Uses: Excellent for fresh fruit, jam, drying, stewing and juice. (And see Wentachee and Wentachee Moorpark)
Moorpark Q13
Skaha (No Label) Q15 Large, firm, bright orange when mature. Fruit has red blush, attractive. Moderately frost tender.
Blenheim Mid season Self-fertile… no need for a pollinator Q16 The world’s most popular apricot tree. Produces fruit quickly. Apricots produced by the ‘Blenheim’ are considered to be the most succulent and flavorful… the ‘Blenheim’ also blooms earlier than any other apricot tree. Its rounded form and bright green foliage make this tree a refreshing showpiece for your yard. Start picking dozens of fresh, delicious apricots in early summer. Luscious, deep yellow and orange fruits brighten an already beautiful tree.
Sunglo (No W) Q2
Empty Q20
Canadian SE 55-9 Q21
Saha Q22 (?) No Label
Harogem Mid Season Q3 This cultivar ripens mid-season, a few days after Veecot, but is not as winter-hardy. The fruit have a bright glossy finish with a dark red shoulder. An attractive cultivar for the fresh market, it colours early and must be picked carefully for proper maturity. Bacterial spot has been a problem in some seasons but overall a good cultivar.
Piet Cille No Label December Q4
Moorpark Q5
No Label ? Moorpark Q6
Blenheim Q7
Hargem Q8
Sunglow Q9

Japanese Plums

Variety Bloom Fruit Flower Group Vigor Orchard Position Description
Talford O16
Satsuma Mid season. ‘Santa Rosa’ and ‘Beauty’ P1 ‘blood plum’. A very large fruit with solid deep red skin and firm flesh. The small pit is semi freestone. Satsuma is juicy, and it has a particularly good flavor. The tree is an upright grower.
Satsuma P10
Unknown P11
Methley P12
Santa Rosa Early to mid January. (Mid season). Partly self fertile. Duffy’s Early Jewel’ ‘Alpha’, ‘Mariposa’ is a less effective pollenizer. Narrabeen, Salad, Donsworth. Appears to be a universal pollen donor P13 (Complex hybrid of P. salicina, P. simonii, and P. americana) Early season. S.R. is a medium large, crimson to purplish red, lightly freckled plum with yellow flesh slightly suffused with pink especially near the pit. The fruit is firm, sweet, juicy, and aromatic, except near the pit, where it is quite acid. The tree is widely adapted. Although noted by Hopping & Jerram 1979 as self infertile, it is generally regarded as at least partly self fertile (sets some fruit without a pollenizer, but sets a lot more with one). The tree is hardy, upright and vigorous, and highly productive. Its only fault is that it sometimes drops fruit before they are completely ripe. S.R. is a very important commercial cultivar and readily available in the supermarket. Nevertheless, it is a very good choice for the home garden. Fruit: Medium sized, round fruit with bright red, fairly thick skin darkening to a purplish crimson at maturity. Flesh is yellow with a tinge of pink under the skin. Flavour: Somewhat sweet, slightly tart near skin and some bitterness near the stone. Stone: Clingstone. Cropping: Good bearing once tree has matured, susceptible to pre harvest drop in windy conditions. Habit: Large, vigorous and upright.. Uses: Fresh fruit, jam and stewing.
Burmosa P14 small productive tree. The fruit is yellow, with red blush, freestone, and good in quality. It may be biennial.
Burmosa P15 small productive tree. The fruit is yellow, with red blush, freestone, and good in quality. It may be biennial.
Unknown J Plum P16
Homeside P17 Rabbit Damage
Purple King Mid-late season. ‘Sultan’, ‘Doris’, ‘Duffy’s Early Jewel’. ‘Elephant Heart’ may also pollenize P18 ‘Hale” x ‘Doris’) This large fruit has purplish red skin covered with a heavy bloom, and excellent flavored, yellow flesh (tinged wine red near the stone). P.K. is a very vigorous tree. It is well suited to warmer, more humid areas, as it has some resistance to bacterial diseases.
Tegan Blue P19
Shiro Early P2 Bland, but juicy. Best of the yellow plums, heavy bearer, heat tolerant, clingstone
Methley P20
Archibald P21
Laroda Santa Rosa or Red Rosa plums P22 Delicious! Large sized, rounded plum with a deep reddish-purple skin; sweet, juicy light amber-red colored flesh. This variety was developed in California. requires a minimum of 400 chill hours Mature height: 0-20 ft in full sun
Golden Satsuma P23
Unknown J Plum P24
Empty P25
Fortune Early season. Santa-Rosa P26 Breeding is Laroda x [Queen Anne x Late Santa Rosa], introduced 1988. Medium to large fruit with bright red and yellow skin, and yellow very firm flesh suffused with pink. Flavour is perfumed, sweetness is moderate to good. It is semi-freestone. The tree is adaptable, vigorous and upright.
Browns Blood P27
Empty P28
Shiro P29
Narrabeen (Early) P3 Sweet and juicy.
Fortune 30 P30
Laroda P31
Bella Rosa P32
Santa Rosa P4 Dwarf version of the classic Japanese yellow fleshed cherry type plum, tree grows to only 2 metres at maturity, self fertile, but also pollinates with Mariposa.
Unknown P5
Unknown J Plum P6
Golden Satsuma P7
Elephant Heart P8
Red Heart P9

European Plums

Plums

Variety Bloom Fruit Flower Group Vigor Orchard Position Description Image
Kirk’s Blue O1
Lombardy O10
Unknown E Plum O11
Pacific Prune O12
Robustus O13
Tulea Dulce O14
Stanley Prune No Label Late season. self-fertile O15 The large purplish-blue freestone fruit have greenish-yellow flesh which is juicy and sweet, but somewhat insipid. The tree is large and spreading, and starts into fruiting young. It crops heavily. Stanley is very susceptible to brown rot, so it will need to be sprayed with fungicide in wet areas. Fruit are also susceptible to splitting after rain.
Victoria No Label O17 Larger plum from England, and that country’s most popular and most well known cooker. Still sought after by many today, stews well, bottles well, sets a heavy crop. A chance seedling found in a garden at Alderton Sussex. Introduced by Denyer of Brixton, London in 1840.
Chalco (no label) O18 Tree a tremendous grower and unsurpassed in productiveness, hardy. Is large, fiat, deep reddish-purple; flesh yellow, very sweet, rather firm, exceedingly fragrant, seed small. Like the Apricot Plum the fruit is almost stemless and completely surrounds the older branches. A superior shipping sort.
Prune D’Argen (No Label) Late season. O19 A small, red skinned, clingstone prune plum.
Ruth Gerstetter O2
Yellow Egg Pershore (No Label) O20
Cambridge Early (No Label) O21 Shy cropper, utterly delectable flavour? sweet, round gages?
Jefferson Yellow Early mid season O22 fairly large yellow gage, with juicy flesh and a good rich gage-like flavour.
Old Tree # 9 O23
Lombardy O24
Robusta No Label O25
Bulgarian Prune O26
Early Laxton O27 No Label
Elephant Heart No Label O28
Robe De Sergeant No Label ‘Green Gage’, ‘Damson’ ‘Coe’s Golden Drop’. O29 A medium sized European plum. Oval in shape with a dark blue-purple skin and yellow flesh. Very sweet flavour. Used for drying, fresh fruit and jam.
Ontario O3
Bella Rosa O30
Unknown E Plum O31
Unknown E Plum O32
Grand Duke Mid late season. O33 Heavy cropper. Tree too big for small gardens.
Green Gage – Original O34
Unknown E Plum O35
Cacak O36
Fellenburg O37
King Billy O38 Heavy bearer. Mediocre flavour.
Cacak’s the Best O4
Early Laxton The earliest of all plums Part Self Fertile O5 Bred by Laxton’s of Bedford, it was first appeared in 1916 and was immediately awarded a Royal Horticultural Society Award of Merit. Cooker and eater but best for cooking. Medium-sized fruit, tinged with pink. Sweet and juicy.
Calco O6
Becky Smith O7
Cacak Beauty Mid season O8 ? CACAK BEST Large blue-black prune plum.
Bulgarian Prune O9
Angelina February Pollinate with: King Billy, D’Agen, Coe’s Golden Drop or Greengage. Angelina plum is a mid season ripening plum that seems to appeal to nearly everyone, frosted white blush on purple skin, rich yellow flesh, prized for eating fresh, also for liqueur making due to its high sugar content.